The Kafa Biosphere Reserve is located in the Kafa Zone of Ethiopia approximately 460 km southwest of Addis Abba. The Bonga National Forest Priority Area (NFPA) partly forms the southern boundary of the Biosphere Reserve, whilst the eastern boundary follows the Adiyo Woreda with the Gojeb River and Gewata-Yeba (Boginda) NFPA forming the northern boundary. The Saylem Woreda forms the northern part of the Biosphere Reserve and the western boundary constitutes the Gesha NFPA. The Kafa Zone contains more than 50% of the remaining montane forests in Ethiopia and it is the centre of origin and genetic diversity of wild Coffea arabica.
The Biosphere Reserve includes the East Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot and other endemic agricultural crops such as Ensete ventricosum and Eragrostis tef, and a cultural and linguistic identity quite distinct from the rest of Africa. Furthermore, it includes a unique coffee culture that is
deeply engrained in the Ethiopian economy and history. The area includes an array of rural settlements, traditional land-use patterns and sites of cultural and natural significance, which are home to approximately 608 227 people. Main economic activities in the area are dominated by agriculture that contributes approximately 41% to the GDP, 80% of exports and 80% of the labour force. Other sectors include services and
tourism, manufacturing and trade. Agriculture forms the backbone of the economy with most of the other sectors (i.e. trade and tourism) being dependent on its strong backward and forward linkages.
Major ecosystem type:
Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot incorporating one of the world's only remaining intact Afromontane Evergreen Forest Ecosystem within which the endemic and critically endangered Coffea arabica grows wild.Major habitats & land cover types:
Unique wild coffee forests including rare wetland habitats and vegetation types of Combretum-Terminalia bushlands and thickets, 3 Sub-Afroalpine Habitat Type, Evergreen Mountain Forest and Grassland Complex, Moist Evergreen Montane Forest Habitat Type, and Auqatic Habitat. Diversity of topographic features including a key portion of the Shonga Mountains, with the main features being the Sami Ridge, Kukum Chego Ridge and the Koma and Saja Summit. Ecological corridors of immense importance include the Gojeb River System, Alemgono Wetland System and the Gojeb-Gewata Wetland System.Location:
35° 29' 50.55” to 36° 47' 33.78” East; 35°48' 50.57” to 35°44' 34.30” EastArea (hectares)
Core area(s) 41 391.1
Buffer zone(s) 161 427
Transition area(s) when given 337 885
Altitude (metres above sea level) 500 m to 3 300 m.
Year designated 2010 Administrative authorities:
Kafa Zone Administration, in association with: Chena Woreda Decha Woreda Gimbo Woreda Gewata Woreda Adiyo Woreda Bita Woreda Bonga Town AdministrationBrief description
On-going research on the conservation and genetic resources of wild Coffea arabica by the GTZ, NABU, EWNHS, ZEF, etc.
The Ethiopian Wetlands and Natural Resources Association (EWNRA) does monitoring and research programs on the sustainable utilisation of wetlands and associated natural resources in Ethiopia in order to contribute to human development and the stability of the natural environment for the present and future generations.
Monitoring and on-going research on forest landscape sustainability and improved livelihoods through non-timber forest product development and payment for environmental services – NTFP-PFM Research and Development Project.
The Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research is conducting research on Vegetation structure and population dynamics (Project component I), Land cover change (Project component II), Phenology, Seed Testing and Propagation (Project component III), Socioeconomics values of forests (Project component IV), Valuation of various forests and forest ìands (Project component V),Characterization of forest soil conditions (Project component VI), Forest growth and rainfall variability (Project component VII), Carbon stock in forests and soils (Project component VIII), Pests and diseases of forests (Project component IX), developing management plan for sustainable forest resource utilization and environmental protection (Project component X). Additionally research on Agroforestry and soil management is planned to be conducted by SNNP Institute of Agricultural Research.Abiotic:
Abiotic factors, air quality, air temperature, climate, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, global change, groundwater, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, physical oceanography/oceans, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography.
Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, aquaculture/mariculture, archaeology/paleontology, bioprospecting, capacity building, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, firewood cutting/harvesting, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indicators, indigenous people, industry, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, micro-credits, mining, modelling, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, quality economies, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.Integrated monitoring:
Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers, urban systems/towns/cities, watershed studies/monitoring.